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Arch Craniofac Surg > Volume 14(1); 2013 > Article
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery 2013;14(1):16-23.
Analysis of Procedures for Correction of Microform Cleft Lip through Strategic Approaches.
Kyeong Ho Song, Yong Chan Bae, Seong Hwan Bae
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
BACKGROUND: Even though degrees of deformation of microform cleft lip are not high, it has to be corrected with various procedures upon conditions and areas since it has various expressions. Many studies have focused on the classifications and procedures, but there are only a few studies on how much these procedures are performed in the actual field. This study aims to analyze the utilization of various procedures upon major correction points. METHODS: A total of 52 patients who had been corrected by one surgeon from 1995 to 2011 were enrolled as subjects. Based on the medical records, it was checked whether the incision was made or not along with the correction procedures for alar base and philtral column, Cupid's bow, and vermillion free margin.
In case of an incision, full incision (42 times) was conducted most frequently. For alar base and philtral column, muscle re-approximation (25 times) was performed most frequently. However, recently, it was shown that excision on only the affected area and correction with dermis were more likely to be used. For Cupid's bow and vermilion free margin, elliptical excision on the only affected area followed by re-approximation was performed most frequently for 46 times (Cupid's bow) and 44 times (vermilion free margin), respectively.
For the correction of microform cleft lip, less invasive procedures are preferred. However, in the actual field, if needed, aggressive procedures consisting of incisions have been conducted to correction. These trends are somewhat changed to utilization of a simple procedure, such as excision on the modified area, followed by a re-approximation rather than complicated procedures using the muscle.
Keywords: Cleft lip; Operative surgical procedure


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