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Journal of Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association 2002;3(1):71-76.
Correction of Constricted Ear.
Joo Hwan Lim, Tai Kyun Im, Ra Yong Ko, Jang Deog Kwon, Kap Sung Oh
1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Inje University, Korea.
2Kwon Jang Deog Plastic and Aesthetic Surgical Clinic, Korea.
3Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea. ksoh@samsung.co.kr
Abstract
The constricted ear was suggested by Tanzer for the purpose of obviating the confusion involving lop ear, cup ear and prominent ear as defect whose helix turns down, and scapha and fossa triangularis are narrowed. The constricted ear has a spectrum of severity and therefore, requires a graded surgical approach. Tanzer has described the degree of deformities of the constricted ear as falling into three groups. For the correction of constricted ear, there are numerous techniques but we have had difficulties in adopting these techniques in various type. We also describe the various constricted ear as the Tanzer's classification and adopted three methods to each type, banner flap(group I), concha cartilage graft (group II) and rib cartilage graft(group III) for reducing postoperative deformity and confusion in correcting the ear deformities. Constricted ear repairs must be individualized to accomodate each specific deformity. We corrected 22 cases of constricted ear in 20 patients using each optimal method described above according to the degree of deformities. Mild deformities need only reshaping and adjusting of existing tissues, moderate deformities need additional skin and severe deformities require a cartilage graft. For correction of constricted ear, accurate identification of the severity of deformity is essential. The results were satisfactory and we report our experience with relative literatures.
Keywords: Constricted ear; Banner flap; Concha cartilage graft; Rib cartilage graft
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