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Arch Craniofac Surg > Volume 14(1); 2013 > Article
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery 2013;14(1):11-15.
Comparison of the 3D Digital Photogrammetry and Direct Anthropometry in Unilateral Cleft Lip Patients.
Hyo Hyun Seok, Geun Yong Kwon, Seung Hak Baek, Tae Hyun Choi, Sukwha Kim
1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Division of Epidemic Intelligence Service, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, Korea.
3Department of Orthodontics, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea.
BACKGROUND: In cleft lip patients, the necessity of a thorough preoperative analysis of facial deformities before reconstruction is unquestioned. The surgical plan of cleft lip patient is based on the information gained from our preoperative anthropometric evaluation. A variety of commercially available three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging systems are currently introduced to us in plastic surgery for these use. However, few studies have been published on the soft tissue morphology of unrepaired cleft infants described by these 3D surface imaging systems. METHODS: The purpose of this study is to determine the accuracy of facial anthropometric measurements obtained through digital 3D photogrammetry and to compare with direct anthropometry for measurement in unilateral cleft lip patients. We compared our patients with three measurements of dimension made on both sides: heminasal width, labial height, and transverse lip length.
The preoperative measurements were not significantly different in both side of labial height and left side of heminasal width. Statistically significant differences were found on both side of transverse lip length and right side of heminasal width. Although the half of preoperative measurements were significantly different, trends of results showed average results were comparable.
This is the first study in Korea to simultaneously compare digital 3D photogrammetry with traditional direct anthropometry in unilateral cleft lip patients. We desire this study could contribute the methodological choice of the many researchers for proper surgical planning in cleft lip reconstruction field.
Keywords: Anthropometry; Cleft lip; Photogrammetry
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