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Journal of Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association 2009;10(1):44-48.
Reconstruction of the Face Using Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator Free Flap after Resection of Arteriovenous Malformation.
Bum Jin Park, So Young Lim, Jai Kyong Pyon, Goo Hyun Mun, Sa Ik Bang, Kap Sung Oh
Department of Plastic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. pslisy@naver.com
The treatment of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the face remains a difficult challenge in plastic surgery. Incomplete resection resulting in uncontrolled bleeding, postoperative enlargement of the remaining malformation, and a poor functional and cosmetic result could be the problems confronted by the surgeons. METHODS: A 37 year-old male with large arteriovenous malformation in face treated with preoperative superselective transarterial embolization and free flap transfer. The size of the defect was 13 x 9 cm. Sclerotheraphy without resection were performed several times but the results were unsatisfactory. Resection was performed the next day of embolization. We were able to repair with the thoracodorsal artery perforator free flap. And facial muscle reconstruction performed by simultaneous muscle and nerve transfer.
During the follow-up period 8 months the patient regained an acceptable cosmetic appearance. And he has shown no reexpansion of the malformation.
The thoracodorsal artery perforator free flap could be a good choice for the reconstruction for massive defects of the face. A huge arteriovenous malformation could be safely removed and successfully reconstructed by the complete embolization, wide excision and coverage with a well vascularized tissue.
Keywords: Arteriovenous malformation; Thoracodorsal artery perforator free flap
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