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Journal of Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association 2008;9(2):101-104.
Correction of Persistent Enophthalmos after Surgical Repair of Blow Out Fracture Using Orbital Decompression Technique of Contralateral Eye.
Jun Ho Lee, Won Yong Park, Hyun Jae Nam, Yong Ha Kim
Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. yhkim@med.yu.kr
Diplopia and cosmetically unacceptable enophthalmos are the major complications of blow out fracture. Prolapse of orbital tissue into the sinuses, enlarged orbital volume, atrophy of orbital fat and loss of support of orbital walls play a role in the pathogenesis of enophthalmos. To correct post-traumatic enophthalmos, freeing of incarcerated orbital contents combined with reduction of bony orbital volume and reconstruction of suspensory support of globe is necessary. But remained enophthalmos after surgical treatment is difficult to correct completely. In this case, the authors performed implant insertion for affected orbit and endoscopic orbital decompression for unaffected orbit for correction of late enophthalmos. METHOD: We reviewed a girl patient with right inferomedial orbital wall blow out fracture, right zygoma fracture treated at our hospital for correction of enophthalmos. An 18-year-old female had sustained posttraumatic enopthalmos. Two surgical management was performed for correction blow out fracture at the other hospital. But residual diplopia, enophthalmos, cheek drooping were found. And then she transferred to our hospital. She had severe enophthalmos(5mm) also had diplopia and extraocular muscle limitation. We performed operation for correction of enophthalmos. After operation, she showed minimal improvement of diplopia and enophthalmos(3mm). The authors make plan for operation for correction enophthalmos due to cosmetical improvement. Implant insertion was performed for affected orbit. For unaffected orbit, nasoendoscopic medial orbital wall decompression was proceeded. RESULT: Correction of enophthalmos was found after operation and was maintained for nine years follow-up. Patient expressed satisfaction for the result.
To correct persistant enophthalmos, we could have satisfactory result with orbital wall reconstruction on affected eye and decompression on unaffected eye.
Keywords: Blow out fracture; Enophthalmos; Orbital decompression
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